(1) To test the hypothesis that the prevalence of smoking among African-American teenagers is lower than among whites and Hispanic inner-city senior high school students ; (2) to assess the patterns of smoking among inner-city teenagers ; and (3) to ascertain the relationship between smoking status and their knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors.
All students attending inner-city senior high schools in two cities in New Jersey were included in the survey (n=8,900).
Response Rate was 85% ; 89% of respondents were minority teenagers.
The overall point prevalence rate of cigarette smoking was 9%. Almost all smoking began before the age of 16 years.
The factors that significantly (p<. 001) contributed to the initiation of cigarette smoking were : peer influence, self-initiation, and the influence of relatives'cigarette smoking.
The factors that were stated to play a major role in progression to regular smoking were : perceptions that smoking relieves stress and feelings of induced pleasure while smoking.
In addition, smokers were significantly (p<. 0005) less knowledgeable about smoke-related diseases than exsmokers or nonsmokers.
Over two-thirds of smokers and exsmokers believed that it is the physician's responsibility to advise patients to quit smoking and the majority of the current smokers contemplated quitting smoking. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Adolescent, Homme, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Etude comparative, Ethnie, Noir américain, Latinoaméricain, Caucasoïde, Négroïde, Race, Age apparition, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Adolescent, Human, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Comparative study, Ethnic group, Black American, Latinamerican, Caucasoid, Negroid, Race, Age of onset, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0302352
Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 15/07/1997.