logo BDSP

Base documentaire


Votre avis nous intéresse

Le réseau BDSP met en oeuvre un projet d'innovation et d'amélioration de ses services, dans le souci constant de proposer des contenus de qualité adaptés aux besoins des utilisateurs.

Identifier de nouvelles sources de financements est la condition nécessaire pour assurer la poursuite et la pérennité de cet outil unique qu'est la BDSP, tout en le faisant évoluer.

Pour définir un nouveau modèle économique, nous avons besoin de votre avis : merci de répondre à notre enquête (temps estimé : 5 minutes).

Participer maintenant
Participer plus tard J'ai déjà participé

  1. Patterns of smoking among inner-city teenagers : Smoking has a pediatric age of onset.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives 

    (1) To test the hypothesis that the prevalence of smoking among African-American teenagers is lower than among whites and Hispanic inner-city senior high school students ; (2) to assess the patterns of smoking among inner-city teenagers ; and (3) to ascertain the relationship between smoking status and their knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors.

    Methods 

    All students attending inner-city senior high schools in two cities in New Jersey were included in the survey (n=8,900).

    Response Rate was 85% ; 89% of respondents were minority teenagers.

    Results 

    The overall point prevalence rate of cigarette smoking was 9%. Almost all smoking began before the age of 16 years.

    The factors that significantly (p<. 001) contributed to the initiation of cigarette smoking were : peer influence, self-initiation, and the influence of relatives'cigarette smoking.

    The factors that were stated to play a major role in progression to regular smoking were : perceptions that smoking relieves stress and feelings of induced pleasure while smoking.

    In addition, smokers were significantly (p<. 0005) less knowledgeable about smoke-related diseases than exsmokers or nonsmokers.

    Over two-thirds of smokers and exsmokers believed that it is the physician's responsibility to advise patients to quit smoking and the majority of the current smokers contemplated quitting smoking. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Adolescent, Homme, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Etude comparative, Ethnie, Noir américain, Latinoaméricain, Caucasoïde, Négroïde, Race, Age apparition, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Adolescent, Human, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Comparative study, Ethnic group, Black American, Latinamerican, Caucasoid, Negroid, Race, Age of onset, United States, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0302352

    Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 15/07/1997.