Depression in the community : the first pan-European study DEPRES (Depression Research in European Society).
DEPRES (Depression Research in European Society) is the first large pan-European survey of depression in the community.
A total of 13359 of the 78463 adults who participated in screening interviews across six countries were identified as suffering from depression, a 6-month prevalence of 17%. Major depression accounted for 6.9% of the cases of depression and minor depression for 1.8%. Depressed subjects in both these categories perceived that their working or social lives were substantially impaired by depressive symptoms.
The remaining 8.3% of depressed subjects considered that their functional impairment was not substantial.
A significant proportion of sufferers from depression (43%) failed to seek treatment for their depressive symptoms.
Of those who did seek help (57%), most consulted a primary care physician, the frequency of consultation increasing with the severity of depression.
Sufferers from major depression imposed the greatest demand on healthcare resources, making almost three times as many visits to their GP or family doctor as non-sufferers (4.4 vs 1.5 visits over 6 months).
More than two-thirds of depressed subjects (69%) were not prescribed any treatment and when drug therapy was prescribed (31%), only 25% of these subjects were given antidepressant drugs.
The number of days of work lost due to illness increased with the severity of depression. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat dépressif, Trouble humeur, Epidémiologie, Homme, Europe, Qualité vie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Depression, Mood disorder, Epidemiology, Human, Europe, Quality of life
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0302337
Code Inist : 002B18C07A. Création : 15/07/1997.