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  1. Clinical characteristics of women with a history of childhood abuse : Unhealed wounds.

    Article - En anglais


    - To determine the prevalence of childhood physical or sexual abuse in women seen in primary care practices ; to identify physical and psychologic problems associated with that abuse ; and to compare the effects of childhood physical vs sexual abuse and childhood vs adult abuse.


    - Cross-sectional, self-administered, anonymous survey.


    - Four community-based, primary care internal medicine practices.


    - A total of 1931 women of varied age and marital, educational, and economic status examined from February through July 1993.

    Main Outcome Measures

    - Prevalence of physical and sexual abuse, physical symptoms, psychological symptoms (Symptom Checklist-22), alcohol abuse (CAGE questions), and street drug use.


    - Of the 1931 respondents, 424 (22.0%) reported childhood or adolescent physical or sexual abuse.

    Compared with women who reported never having experienced abuse (n=1257), women who reported abuse as children but not adults (n=204) had more physical symptoms (mean±SE, 6.2±0.2 vs 4.0±0.9 ; P<. 001) and had higher scores for depression, anxiety, somatization, and interpersonal sensitivity (low self-esteem) (P<. 001) ; were more likely to be abusing drugs (prevalence ratio [PR], 4.7 ; 95% confidence interval [Cl], 2.9-7.6) or to have a history of alcohol abuse (PR, 2.2 ; 95% Cl, 1.5-3.2) ; were more likely to have attempted suicide (PR, 3.7 ; 95% Cl, 2.6-5.1) ; and were more likely to have had a psychiatric admission (PR, 3. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Enfant maltraité, Abus sexuel, Prévalence, Symptome positif, Difficulté psychologique, Etude transversale, Etude comparative, Adulte, Homme, Comportement approche, Femelle, Système nerveux pathologie, Psychopathologie, Education santé

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Child abuse, Sexual abuse, Prevalence, Positive symptom, Psychological difficulty, Cross sectional study, Comparative study, Adult, Human, Approach behavior, Female, Nervous system diseases, Psychopathology, Health education

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0299424

    Code Inist : 002B18F02. Création : 15/07/1997.