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  1. Impact of a standardized patient intervention to teach breast and abdominal examination skills to third-year medical students at two institutions.

    Article, Communication - En anglais

    Annual Meeting of the Association for Surgical Education. Lexington, Kentucky (USA), 1996/04/10.


    This study examined whether a single intervention with standardized patients (SPs) as a supplement to traditional teaching during the surgery clerkship would enhance the breast and abdominal examination skills of third-year medical students.


    During the academic year 1994-1995,153 students from two institutions were assigned to control or experimental groups.

    At institution A, all students underwent pretests and posttests with SPs ; at institution B, no pretest was conducted.

    All experimental students received group and one-to-one instruction with SPs during the intervention session.


    At posttest, the experimental group performed better than the control group on breast examination (P=0.002), professionalism during this examination (P<0.001), abdominal examination (P<0.001), and professionalism during the latter examination (P=0.050).

    The improvement from pretest to posttest at institution A was significantly greater in the experimental group than the control group for the breast examination (P=0.036) and the abdominal examination (P<0.001).

    Analyses on a variety of specific tasks within each examination were also performed.


    A single intervention with SPs teaching breast and abdominal examinations resulted in significant enhancement of these clinical skills.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Formation professionnelle, Etudiant, Médecine, Exploration clinique, Glande mammaire, Abdomen, Technique, Enseignement, Evaluation performance, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational training, Student, Medicine, Clinical investigation, Mammary gland, Abdomen, Technique, Teaching, Performance evaluation, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0299415

    Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 15/07/1997.