Characteristics of participants in domestic violence : Assessment at the scene of domestic assault.
- To evaluate the characteristics of victims and perpetrators of domestic assault.
Design and Setting
- Consecutive-sample survey study conducted at the scenes of police calls for domestic assault in Memphis, Tenn, in 1995.
- A total of 1 36 participants (72 victims and 64 assailants) involved in 62 incidents of domestic violence and 75 adult family members at the scene.
Main Outcome Measures
- Participants'responses to a confidential survey and review of police records.
- Of 62 episodes of domestic assault, 42 (68%) involved weapons and 11 (15%) resulted in serious injury.
Fifty-five (89%) of 62 assault victims reported previous assaults by their current assailants, 19 (35%) of them on a daily basis.
Although nearly all assault victims had called the police for help on previous occasions, only 12 (22%) reported having ever sought medical care, counseling, or shelter because of domestic assault.
Sixty (92%) of the 64 assailants reportedly used alcohol or other drugs on the day of the assault.
Of the assailants, 28 (44%) had a history of arrest for charges related to violence, and 46 (72%) had an arrest for substance abuse.
Eleven (15%) of the victims were children.
Children directly witnessed 53 (85%) of the assaults.
- Most victims of domestic violence who had called the police rarely used medical or mental health facilities for problems related to family violence despite frequent assaults. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Violence, Domestication, Evaluation, Caractéristique, Facteur prédictif, Milieu familial, Enquête, Homme, Victimologie, Psychopathologie, Education santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Violence, Domestication, Evaluation, Characteristic, Predictive factor, Family environment, Survey, Human, Victimology, Psychopathology, Health education
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0297633
Code Inist : 002B18F01. Création : 15/07/1997.