The increased use of water-based paint (WBP) for indoor application during the last decade has drastically changed the exposure conditions for Swedish house painters.
WBP has a lower emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) than solvent-based paint (SBP), but contains more reactive compounds, such as biocides, glycol ethers, and other high molecular solvents.
The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of airway symptoms and self-reported asthma in house painters with a different degree of use of WBP and SBP.
The incidence of seven general airway symptoms, and three work-related symptoms, was analysed by means of a self-administered questionnaire, in a cohort of 207 house painters followed from 1989 to 1992.
Different airway symptoms were compared with clinical information obtained by a methacholine challenge test and dynamic spirometry in a selected subgroup of 44 painters.
Information on the degree of use of SBP and WBP was used to estimate the total exposure to volatile organic compounds (TVOC) for each individual.
In total, 175 men in the cohort worked as painters during the study period.
No increase of asthma or respiratory symptoms was observed among those 50 painters with a pure exposure to WBP (estimated TVOC 1-3mgm-3).
Most painters (N=125) had a mixed exposure to SBP and WBP, the main source of the TVOC being the limited use of SBP. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Composé organique volatil, Peintre en bâtiment, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Homme, Suède, Europe, Peinture eau, Peinture huile, Etude comparative, Toxicité, Epidémiologie, Questionnaire, Fonction respiratoire, Asthme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Hypersensibilité, Bronche
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Volatile organic compound, House painter, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Human, Sweden, Europe, Water base paint, Oil paint, Comparative study, Toxicity, Epidemiology, Questionnaire, Lung function, Asthma, Respiratory disease, Hypersensitivity, Bronchus
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0296716
Code Inist : 002B03L06. Création : 15/07/1997.