Efficiency and rationality in the planning of health care for people with AIDS : An application of the balance of care approach.
To demonstrate the application of an approach for assessing efficiency and rationality in the use of resources for the care of patients with AIDS (PWA), using data for north-east Italy.
An economic methodology, the balance of care (BoC) approach, enabled identification of scenarios for the current, planned and recommended provision of care in the study region.
Data on the supply and utilization of care by PWA across four locations (inpatient care, day care, home care and sheltered accomodation) was collected for a 6-month period during 1994.
The current BoC measured in care contacts across the locations was compared with a planned BoC scenario, derived from the Italian AIDS Health Plan, and a recommended BoC scenario based on a delphi expert panel judgement of the appropriate care location according to sets of hypothetical clinical and social characteristics of PWA.
The cost consequences of reallocating patient contacts between the current BoC to the recommended BoC was assessed for inpatient and day care contacts.
There is an overprovision of home care in the planned BoC scenario if applied to the study region.
The cost consequences of a shift of care contacts according to the recommended scenario results in a potential cost reduction of 9.2% compared with the current scenario, and hence an expected efficiency improvement. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Traitement, Coût, Italie, Europe, Homme, Efficacité, Planification, Soin, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Economie santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Treatment, Costs, Italy, Europe, Human, Efficiency, Planning, Care, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Health economy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0296105
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 15/07/1997.