An occupational hygiene survey was made in 38 nickel plating shops in Finland and exposure to nickel was studied by means of biological measurements and, in three shops, by using air measurements.
The average after-shift urinary nickel concentration of 163 workers was 0.16 mumol 1. - 1 (range 0.001-4,99 mumol 1. - 1), After the 1-5 week vacation the urinary nickel concentration was higher than the upper reference limit of non-exposed Finns indicating that a part of water-soluble nickel salts is accumulated in the body.
Urinary nickel concentrations in the shops considered clean in the industrial hygiene walk-through were not different from those observed in the shops considered dirty.
The correlation between the concentrations of nickel in the air and in the urine was low, and the amount of nickel excreted in the urine exceeded the calculated inhaled amounts, indicating exposure by other routes such as ingestion.
Mots-clés Pascal : Nickel, Electrolyse, Forme soluble, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Finlande, Europe, Homme, Surveillance biologique, Teneur air ambiant, Lieu travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nickel, Electrolysis, Soluble form, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Finland, Europe, Human, Biological monitoring, Ambient air concentration, Work place
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0295673
Code Inist : 002B03L05. Création : 15/07/1997.