There is an increasing emphasis on designing health promotion interventions for low-socioeconomic-status (SES) individuals.
However, many previously developed behavior change tools have not been tested in this population.
Self-efficacy was measured at pre-and postintervention as part of a randomized clinical trial to reduce cholesterol levels in rural low-SES Southern adults.
A 22-item scale was designed and validated to measure subjects'confidence in their abilities to make dietary changes.
High mean self-efficacy was noted in both control and intervention subjects at pre-and postintervention.
Mean self-efficacy score was a significant predictor of dietary change at both preintervention and postintervention.
This study demonstrates that self-efficacy is a predictor of ability to make dietary changes in a low-SES rural population.
This finding is of significance to researchers and practitioners wishing to design theory-based health promotion interventions in this population.
Mots-clés Pascal : Promotion santé, Statut socioéconomique, Faible, Homme, Changement comportement, Comportement alimentaire, Cholestérol, Lipide, Efficacité personnelle, Milieu rural, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health promotion, Socioeconomic status, Low, Human, Behavior change, Feeding behavior, Cholesterol, Lipids, Self efficacy, Rural environment, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0293598
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 15/07/1997.