Results of a random survey of 2574 adults in East and West Germany in 1992 show virtually no differences in subjective health status for the populations of East versus West Germany and only slight differences for men versus women.
A closer analysis via multiple regression indicates, however, that contrary to previous results from other countries West German women have a better health status than men.
Of the four gender groups analyzed separately East German men are the best of, while owing to a number of socio-economic status discrepancies, East German women report the worst health status.
Surprisingly, West German men show a poorer subjective health status than East German men, although a number of factors like participation in sport, better income and younger age would predict otherwise.
It is suggested that their health situation is negatively influenced not only by their work situation but also by outside private commitments not accounted for in this analysis.
Also difficult to explain from the present data is the relatively good health status of East German men.
Despite an insecure job and a difficult work situation they may experience unification in sociopolitical terms and their present social status as something positive.
Overall, conditions in the system of West Germany show a tendency to favor women, while those in East Germany clearly favor men.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat sanitaire, Santé, Homme, Sexe, Statut socioéconomique, Emploi, Allemagne(république fédérale), Allemagne, Europe, Allemagne(république démocratique), Changement social, Unification
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health status, Health, Human, Sex, Socioeconomic status, Employment, West Germany, Germany, Europe, East Germany, Social change, Unification
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0289924
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 15/07/1997.