Cryptosporidiosis, an intestinal parasitic infection, has gained considerable media attention since a 1993 waterborne outbreak in Milwaukee, Wis, in which more than 400 000 persons became ill.
However, the incidence of and risk factors for human cryptosporidiosis in the general US population are unknown.
It has been suggested, but not documented, that physicians are generally unaware of the need to specifically request testing for this organism.
To assess physician awareness of cryptosporidiosis and knowledge of laboratory testing for Cryptosporidium oocysts.
A self-administered questionnaire was mailed to a stratified random sample of Connecticut physicians.
Specialties were limited to physicians in internal medicine, gastroenterology, infectious diseases, pediatrics, and family or general practice.
Responses were compared among specialties.
While most physicians were aware that cryptosporidiosis causes watery diarrhea (range, 67% - 98%), particularly in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (>85% of all specialties), many did not know the symptoms or failed to identify other groups at increased risk.
More than 75% of gastroenterologists, general or family practitioners, internists, and pediatricians never or rarely order diagnostic testing for Cryptosporidium even when their patients have symptoms consistent with cryptosporidiosis. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Cryptosporidiose, Protozoose, Parasitose, Infection, Symptomatologie, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Médecin généraliste, Spécialité médicale, Evaluation, Connaissance, Diagnostic, Connecticut, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cryptosporidiosis, Protozoal disease, Parasitosis, Infection, Symptomatology, Risk factor, Epidemiology, General practitioner, Medical specialty, Evaluation, Knowledge, Diagnosis, Connecticut, United States, North America, America, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0289560
Code Inist : 002B05E02B9. Création : 15/07/1997.