The epidemic of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection led blood banks to initiate donation deferral criteria based on self-reported risk factors.
However little information is available on the differences in reporting risk factors before and after HIV status is known.
Between April and July 1994, blood donors in a provincial hospital in northern Thailand were interviewed at the time of donation, about their demographic characteristics and risk factors.
All donors had agreed to learn their test results and were called back for post-test counselling and reinterview.
HIV-positive blood donors were more likely to change from'denying'to'acknowledging'risk factors while HIV-negatives were more likely to change from'acknowledging'to'denying'The differences between risk factors obtained before and after test results were known resulted in stronger, weaker or even opposite risk measures.
The study results raise questions about the impact of the differences in reporting HIV-related risk factors by the donors on how effective donation deferral criteria can be developed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Virose, Infection, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Donneur sang, Don sang, Comportement, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Validité, Homme, Thaïlande, Asie, Immunopathologie, Transfusion
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral disease, Infection, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Blood donor, Blood donation, Behavior, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Validity, Human, Thailand, Asia, Immunopathology, Transfusion
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0289515
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 15/07/1997.