Although urology continues to be a male dominated field, the participation and influence of women within the specialty are growing.
In the United States as of July 1995,56 of 1,339 urology residents (4.2%) and 97 of 8,227 board certified urologists (1.2%) were women.
The demographics of this group, including age, board certification, fellowship experience and practice patterns, are unknown.
Mentorship and motivations leading to urology as a specialty choice for women are also unreported.
We surveyed 161 female urologists by mail.
Of the women surveyed 80% responded.
Female urologists tend to be young and board certified, 39% are fellowship trained and 22% hold full-time academic positions.
Women were discouraged from selecting urology as a specialty because of gender.
Many women had male (59%) or no (35%) mentors throughout the training years, 70% were married and 44% had children.
Of the 25 respondents who had children during residency most (84%) felt supported by the program director and resident peers.
Despite obstacles 94% of female urologists would encourage other women to enter urology.
Female urologists are young, well educated and career oriented.
Although most did not have mentors during training, there is a high level of job satisfaction and low attrition after training.
Mots-clés Pascal : Urologie, Médecin, Formation professionnelle, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Femelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Urology, Physician, Occupational training, United States, North America, America, Human, Female
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0289047
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 15/07/1997.