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  1. Evolution of risk behaviors over 2 years among a cohort of urban African American adolescents.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To examine the evolution of risk behaviors over 2 years among a community-based cohort of low-income African American preadolescents and young adolescents enrolled in a randomized trial of an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome risk reduction intervention.

    Design 

    Longitudinal, community-based cohort.

    Setting 

    Nine recreation centers serving 3 public housing developments.

    Subjects 

    Three hundred eighty-three African American youths aged 9 through 15 years at baseline.

    Interventions 

    Frequency distributions, X2 analyses, and regression analyses regarding 10 risk behaviors were conducted.

    To assess whether a specific risk behavior or its protective (nonrisk) behavioral analogue, composing a risk-nonrisk behavioral complex (eg, was sexually active and was sexually abstinent or used drugs and refrained from drugs), was stable over time, K values were determined for the 10 risk-nonrisk behavioral complexes.

    Main Outcome Measures 

    Instrument assessing risk behaviors administered at baseline and every 6 months aurally and visually via talking computer.

    Results 

    The prevalence of sexual intercourse, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and drug use increased notably over time.

    Drug use increased from a 6-month cumulative prevalence of 7% at baseline to 27% at the 24-month follow-up (P<. 001). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Comportement sexuel, Risque, Préadolescent, Homme, Epidémiologie, Africain, Américain, Etude longitudinale, Politique sanitaire, Prévention, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Substance toxicomanogène, Evolution, Comportement, Milieu urbain, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sexual behavior, Risk, Preadolescent, Human, Epidemiology, African, American, Follow up study, Health policy, Prevention, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Drug of abuse, Evolution, Behavior, Urban environment, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0288753

    Code Inist : 002A26G05. Création : 15/07/1997.