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  1. Short-term effectiveness of anticipatory guidance to reduce early childhood risks for subsequent violence.

    Article - En anglais


    To determine whether newly developed anticipatory guidance materials designed to teach the use of time-outs and the importance of reductions in childhood television viewing would be recalled by parents and if their use would result in changes in self-reported parental behavior.

    Subjects and Setting 

    A total of 559 parents of children aged 14 months to 6 years recruited at the time of routine child health maintenance visits at 2 managed care pediatric departments in eastern Massachusetts.


    In-person parent interviews were conducted in the waiting room prior to office visits, with follow-up telephone calls 2 to 3 weeks after the visit.

    Two groups of families were enrolled : a control group who received usual anticipatory guidance and an intervention group who received written materials.

    Intervention group providers were trained to include study topics during the office visit and to introduce the written materials.


    Provider training and the provision of written materials increased the parents'specific recall of anticipatory guidance for at least 2 to 3 weeks following the office visit.

    This effect was specific to the areas of intervention and did not carry over to other commonly used topics of anticipatory guidance.

    Among parents who had never used a time-out prior to the office visit, there was a significant increase in the use of time-outs. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Comportement, Violence, Enfant, Homme, Prévention, Relation parent enfant, Politique sanitaire, Epidémiologie, Pédiatrie, Etude longitudinale, Efficacité, Court terme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Behavior, Violence, Child, Human, Prevention, Parent child relation, Health policy, Epidemiology, Pediatrics, Follow up study, Efficiency, Short term

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0288752

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 15/07/1997.