Personal and equipment assistance are common strategies to reduce disability.
This study sought to determine how often assistance reduces or even completely resolves health-related difficulties in everyday tasks.
Data re from the NHANES I Epidemiologic Followup Study.
Adults aged 35 to 90 reported difficulty doing 12 everyday tasks on their own without assistance.
Those stating that they had much difficulty or were unable were asked if they had personal assistance and/or equipment assistance, and their degree of difficulty with assistance.
Use and efficacy of assistance are studied by gender, age, intrinsic (unassisted) degree of difficulty, and type of assistance.
Most people use assistance for the 12 tasks ; « personal assistance only » is the principal type used for upper-extremity and body transfer tasks ; « equipment only » ranks first for lower-extremity tasks.
Assistance reduces difficulty for the great majority of persons (75% to 85%) and completely resolved difficulty for about 25%. Equipment only proves to be the most efficacious strategy for reducing and resolving limitations.
Equipment's success may be due to greater perceived gains when people accomplish the assistance by themselves.
Mots-clés Pascal : Handicap, Dépendance fonctionnelle, Aide handicapé, Personnel sanitaire, Equipement, Matériel technique, Evaluation, Efficacité, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Handicap, Functional dependence, Handicapped aid, Health staff, Equipment, Technical equipment, Evaluation, Efficiency, Human, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0288610
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 15/07/1997.