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  1. Withholding research results in academic life science : Evidence from a national survey of faculty.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives

    - To identify the prevalence and determinants of data-withholding behaviors among academic life scientists.

    Design

    - Mailed survey of 3394 life science faculty in the 50 universities that received the most funding from the National Institutes of Health in 1993.

    Participants

    - A total of 2167 faculty responded to the survey, a 64% response rate.

    Outcome Measures

    - Whether respondents delayed publication of their research results for more than 6 months and whether respondents refused to share research results with other university scientists in the last 3 years.

    Results

    - A total of 410 respondents (19.8%) reported that publication of their research results had been delayed by more than 6 months at least once in the last 3 years to allow for patent application, to protect their scientific lead, to slow the dissemination of undesired results, to allow time to negotiate a patent, or to resolve disputes over the ownership of intellectual property.

    Also, 181 respondents (8.9%) reported refusing to share research results with other university scientists in the last 3 years.

    In multivariate analysis, participation in an academic-industry research relationship and engagement in the commercialization of university research were significantly associated with delays in publication.

    Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (Cls) were 1.34 (1.07-1.59) and 3.15 (2.88-3.41), respectively. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Protection, Donnée, Application médicale, Littérature scientifique, Document publié, Propriété intellectuelle, Université

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Protection, Data, Medical application, Scientific literature, Published document, Intellectual property, University

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0286866

    Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 15/07/1997.