Withholding research results in academic life science : Evidence from a national survey of faculty.
- To identify the prevalence and determinants of data-withholding behaviors among academic life scientists.
- Mailed survey of 3394 life science faculty in the 50 universities that received the most funding from the National Institutes of Health in 1993.
- A total of 2167 faculty responded to the survey, a 64% response rate.
- Whether respondents delayed publication of their research results for more than 6 months and whether respondents refused to share research results with other university scientists in the last 3 years.
- A total of 410 respondents (19.8%) reported that publication of their research results had been delayed by more than 6 months at least once in the last 3 years to allow for patent application, to protect their scientific lead, to slow the dissemination of undesired results, to allow time to negotiate a patent, or to resolve disputes over the ownership of intellectual property.
Also, 181 respondents (8.9%) reported refusing to share research results with other university scientists in the last 3 years.
In multivariate analysis, participation in an academic-industry research relationship and engagement in the commercialization of university research were significantly associated with delays in publication.
Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (Cls) were 1.34 (1.07-1.59) and 3.15 (2.88-3.41), respectively. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Protection, Donnée, Application médicale, Littérature scientifique, Document publié, Propriété intellectuelle, Université
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Protection, Data, Medical application, Scientific literature, Published document, Intellectual property, University
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0286866
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 15/07/1997.