Eighty-seven patients with current episode of depression were assessed by the SCID-P and subdivided in bipolar depressives (N=24), unipolar depressives (n=38) and dysthymics (n=25).
Anxiety disorders comorbidity in these three groups was investigated by means of the SCID-P.
Panic disorder comorbidity was found in 36.8% of bipolar depressives. 31.4% of unipolar depressives and 13% of dysthymics.
Prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder was 21.1% in bipolars, 14.3% in unipolars and 8.7% in dysthymics.
Generalized anxiety disorder resulted in being much more associated with dysthymia (65.2%) than with bipolar (31.6%) or unipolar depression (37.1%). Social phobia comorbidity was exhibited mainly by unipolars (11.4%), while no cases were detected in the bipolar group.
Odds ratios revealed that generalized anxiety disorder is significantly more likely to co-occur with dysthymia.
Panic disorder showed a higher trend to be associated with bipolar and unipolar depression.
Social phobia was more frequent among unipolar depression.
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Association morbide, Etat dépressif, Trouble bipolaire, Trouble humeur, Trouble anxieux, Homme, Dysthymie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevalence, Epidemiology, Concomitant disease, Depression, Bipolar disorder, Mood disorder, Anxiety disorder, Human
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0284923
Code Inist : 002B18C07A. Création : 15/07/1997.