(i) To describe the need for child psychiatric services in Vietnam ; (ii) to review child psychiatry's present role within the Vietnamese health care system ; (iii) to identify cultural, economic and manpower obstacles to the development of child mental health services ; and (iv) to recommend a course for the future development of child psychiatry in Vietnam.
The existing literature relevant to the Vietnamese health and mental health care systems, traditional practices and beliefs regarding health and mental health, and the current status of psychiatry and child psychiatry in Vietnam was reviewed.
In addition, discussions regarding these topics, and the future of child psychiatry in Vietnam, were held with leading Vietnamese health and mental health professionals.
The current role of child psychiatry in Vietnam is limited by the health care system's focus on infectious diseases and malnutrition, and by cultural, economic and manpower factors.
Treatment is reserved for the most severely afflicted, especially patients with epilepsy and mental retardation.
Specialised care is available in only a few urban centres.
In rural areas treatment is provided by allied health personnel, paraprofessionals and community organisations.
While the present role of child psychiatry in Vietnam is limited, it can still make important contributions. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Vietnam, Asie, Besoin, Service santé, Pédopsychiatrie, Système santé, Santé mentale, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vietnam, Asia, Need, Health service, Child psychiatry, Health system, Mental health, Child, Human, Adolescent
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0282732
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 15/07/1997.