Since bar workers often sustain cuts from unwashed bar glasses, the aims of this study were to investigate risk of injury and to examine the sero-prevalence of markers for hepatitis B amongst bar staff.
Ninety-one bar staff recruited by newspaper advertisement were asked about injury experience and life-style risks associated with transmission of hepatitis B and were tested for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and core antibody (anti-HBc).
Seventy-four per cent reported lacerations from broken glassware at work : 18% had sustained such injuries in more than 10 incidents.
Fifty-five per cent of respondents reported occupational skin contact with body fluids.
Anti-HBc prevalence for the study group was 1.1%, suggesting that bar staff were not at increased risk from hepatitis B infection.
Although 30% wore gloves for high-risk tasks, there was no evidence that glove wearing prevented glass macerations.
This level of injury experience and exposure to body fluids is unacceptable and represents a potential risk of cross-infection.
Hepatitis B immunization should be considered in this group.
Urgent action, including the replacement, wherever possible, of annealed with tempered bar-glassware, is necessary to protect bar workers from glass injury.
Mots-clés Pascal : Blessure, Accident travail, Homme, Café bar, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Facteur risque, Hépatite virale C, Virose, Infection, Prévalence, Royaume Uni, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Injury, Occupational accident, Human, Cafe bar, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Risk factor, Viral hepatitis C, Viral disease, Infection, Prevalence, United Kingdom, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0281809
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 15/07/1997.