Why we need military psychiatrists : 20th century U.S. military psychiatry and proposal for the future.
Military psychiatrists perform distinct military functions that contribute substantially to effective troop performance and cohesion.
Three historic approaches to combat psychiatry and the limitations of these approaches are described.
A new model is proposed in which military psychiatrists, during war, treat psychiatric casualties by combining lessons learned from past wars with current concepts of deployed medical operations and clinical psychiatry.
In peacetime, through their pro-active undertakings, military psychiatrists sustain capabilities to perform combat operations and operations other than war.
And finally, military psychiatrists are situated best to deal with specific cross-cultural factors that affect military life.
Thus, military psychiatry is a unique mission requiring specialized skills and perspectives.
It is optimally practiced by those committed to military life and supportive of its missions.
Mots-clés Pascal : Militaire, Psychiatre, Facteur prédictif, Période occupation, Etiologie, Aspect culturel, Usage pacifique, Relation médecin malade, Prévention, Ancien combattant, Politique sanitaire, Système nerveux pathologie, Psychiatrie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Military, Psychiatrist, Predictive factor, Busy period, Etiology, Cultural aspect, Peaceful use, Physician patient relation, Prevention, Veteran, Health policy, Nervous system diseases, Psychiatry
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0276442
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 15/07/1997.