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  1. Stabilization of asthma mortality.

    Article - En anglais

    Background 

    Rates of death from asthma in the United States have increased since 1978.

    Objective 

    To identify and evaluate recent trends in asthma mortality.

    Methods 

    Analysis of data from the National Center for Health Statistics identifying asthma (ICD 493) as the underlying cause of death in the 50 United States and the District of Columbia with rates of death from asthma by age, race, and sex and age-adjusted rates of death by race.

    The Bureau of the Census provided population data by age, race, and sex that permitted calculation of rates of death at 5 through 34 years of age.

    The Departments of Health of Australia, Canada, Great Britain, and New Zealand provided numbers of deaths from asthma and population data from which we have calculated rates of death.

    Results 

    Rates of death from asthma in the United States increased from. 8 per 100,000 general population in 1977 and 1978 to 2.0 in 1989 and have been 1.9 or 2.0 since then until an increase to 2.1 in 1994.

    A significant difference in regression over groups indicates a difference in average rates between 1979 through 1987 compared with 1988 through 1994.

    Rates of death from asthma have been much higher for white females than white males with an increasing disparity.

    Rates of death from asthma at 5 through 34 years of age have been much greater in blacks than whites with no significant change in rates across time from 1980 through 1994.

    Age-adjusted rates for blacks over all ages increased from 1. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Complication, Evolution, Mortalité, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Complication, Evolution, Mortality, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Human, United States, North America, America, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0275050

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 15/07/1997.