Injury severity assessment for car occupants in frontal impacts, using disability scaling.
Injury classification and assessment is one of the most important fields of injury prevention.
At present injury assessment focuses primarily on the risk of fatalilities, in spite of the fact that most people who are injured survive the trauma.
The net result of a fatality-based approach is that safety and vehicle engineers must make decisions with an incomplete, and sometimes misleading, picture of the traffic safety problem.
By applying disability scaling reflecting long-term consequences to injury data, the most significant disabling injuries can he identified.
The priorities change with the level of disability used in the scaling.
In this study, the risk of permanent medical disability due to different injuries was derived and linked to abbreviated injury scale (AIS) values for 24,087 different injured body regions.
This material is based on insurance data.
To study how the importance of different bodily injuries changes with different severity assessments in a realistic real-world injury distribution, Swedish insurance industry disability scaling was applied to 3066 cases of belted Volvo drivers involved in frontal collisions.
Crash severity was included in the study by using equivalent harrier speed (EBS).
When lower levels of disability are included, injuries to the neck and the extremities become the most improtant, while brain and skull injuries become the most prominent at higher levels of disability. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Accident circulation, Traumatisme, Echelle évaluation, Indice gravité, Handicap, Projection frontale, Homme, Méthode étude, Voiture
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Traffic accident, Trauma, Evaluation scale, Severity score, Handicap, Front projection, Human, Investigation method, Passenger rail car
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0259597
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 11/06/1997.