Silicosis in the 1990s.
To describe state-based surveillance for silicosis that estimates prevalence of this condition, describes characteristics of affected individuals, and targets public health interventions.
The data presented are a case series of patients with silicosis reported to a state health department.
Patients were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire, chest radiographs interpreted by a « B-reader, » pulmonary function tests obtained from medical records, and follow-back investigations conducted at the worksites where the cases had been exposed to silica.
All individuals with silicosis in the state of Michigan reported to the Michigan Department of Public Health (MDPH).
Individuals included in this article were reported from 1987 through 1995.
Cases were reported by hospitals, physicians, the state workers'compensation bureau, or from death certificates.
Only data on individuals who met the criteria for silicosis developed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) are included.
Between 1987 and 1995,577 people were reported to MDPH who met the NIOSH criteria for silicosis.
About 60% of the reports came from hospitals.
The disease is occurring mainly among men born before 1940 who began working in a Michigan ferrous foundry in the 1930s or 1940s and worked there>20 years.
Over 40% of the patients are black
The overall annual average incidence rate of silicosis among black men (14. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Silicose, Exposition professionnelle, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Diagnostic, Prévention, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie, Pneumoconiose, Maladie professionnelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Silicosis, Occupational exposure, United States, North America, America, Diagnosis, Prevention, Human, Respiratory disease, Lung disease, Pneumoconiosis, Occupational disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0256676
Code Inist : 002B03L03. Création : 11/06/1997.