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  1. Estimates of infectious disease risk factors in US blood donors.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    - Individuals who do not respond accurately to questions about infectious disease risk factors at the time of blood donation represent a potential threat to the safety of the blood supply.

    This study was designed to estimate the prevalence of undetected behavioral and other risks in current blood donors.

    Design

    - Anonymous mail surveys to collect demographic, medical, and behavioral information were administered to individuals who had donated blood within the previous 2 months.

    Sampling weights were used in the analysis to adjust for differential sampling and response rates among demographic groups to provide prevalence estimates for the donor population.

    Setting

    - Five geographically and demographically diverse US blood centers.

    Participants

    - A stratified probability sample of 50 162 allogeneic blood donors.

    Main Outcome Measures

    - Estimated prevalence rates for risk behaviors that would have been a basis for deferral if reported at the time of the donor screening interview (deferrable risk).

    Results

    - Completed questionnaires were received for 34 726 donors (69.2% of the sample).

    A total of 186 per 10 000 respondents (1.9%) reported a deferrable risk that was present at the time of their past donation, while 39 per 10 000 (0.4%) reported this behavior within the 3 months prior to donation.

    Rates (with 95% confidence intervals [CIs]) of deferrable risk behaviors were 1.4 (95% CI, 1.2-1.6) times higher for men than women, 1.6 (95% CI, 1.3-2. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Don sang, Donneur sang, Infection, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Transfusion

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Blood donation, Blood donor, Infection, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, Transfusion

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0256208

    Code Inist : 002B27D01. Création : 11/06/1997.