To determine risk factors for violent death of women in the home, and particularly, to assess the strength and direction of any association between domestic violence or keeping firearms and homicide or suicide in the home.
Subgroup analysis of a large population-based case-control study database was performed, defining cases as all homicides and suicides occurring in the homes of female victims in 3 metropolitan counties :
and Cuya-hoga County,
Randomly selected control subjects were matched to the victims by neighborhood, sex, race, and age range.
Exposures to potential risk factors were ascertained by interviewing a proxy for the victim 3 to 6 weeks after the violent death occurred.
These answers were compared with those obtained from controls using matched-pairs methods.
All cases (n=266) were identified in the 3-county area, including 143 homicides and 123 suicides, during a 5-year period.
Matching controls (n=266) were also identified.
Firearms were involved in 46% of the homicides and 42% of the suicides.
Independent risk factors for suicide in the home included a history of mental illness (odds ratio [OR], 258.8 ; 95% confidence interval [CI], 18.2-3679.8), living alone (OR, 13.4 ; 95% CI, 2.0-87.8), and having 1 or more guns in the home (OR, 4.6 ; 95% CI, 1.2-17.5).
Independent risk factors for homicide included living alone (OR, 5.1 ; 95% CI, 2.0-13. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Mort, Violence, Facteur risque, Suicide, A domicile, Femelle, Etiologie, Etude cas témoin, Evaluation, Homme, Psychopathologie, Ethique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Death, Violence, Risk factor, Suicide, At home, Female, Etiology, Case control study, Evaluation, Human, Psychopathology, Ethics
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0255910
Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 11/06/1997.