To examine the relationship between ambient lead levels and blood lead levels and to explore the modifiers of the relationship between ambient lead and blood lead.
A cross-sectional study was conducted in two lead battery factories.
Blood lead level and ambient lead concentration were measured for each participant concurrently.
A structured questionnaire was administered to collect sociodemographic characteristics and occupational history.
Biological and personal environmental measurements of 219 lead-exposed workers were analyzed by both simple and multiple linear regression.
A regression model was selected for interpretation.
A high correlation (r=0.62) between ambient lead (PbA) and blood lead (PbB) was observed.
In addition, numerous factors, including age, sex, alcohol consumption, personal hygiene practice and type of lead exposure, were also found to influence blood lead levels.
Although PbB was highly correlated with PbA, blood lead level may not be effectively lowered by reducing ambient lead level.
Based on the rcgression coefficients, improvement of hygienic practice was more effective at lowering PbB than reducing ambient lead level.
Good hygienic practice may be the preferential way to reduce lead exposure in current conditions.
Education of correct work practice may be more important than engineering control in the developing countrics to lower blood lcad levels in lead battery factories.
Mots-clés Pascal : Plomb, Métal lourd, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Industrie automobile, Teneur air ambiant, Lieu travail, Taux, Sang, Liquide biologique, Homme, Analyse corrélation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Lead, Heavy metal, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Automobile industry, Ambient air concentration, Work place, Rate, Blood, Biological fluid, Human, Correlation analysis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0251938
Code Inist : 002B03L05. Création : 11/06/1997.