434 male and 145 female prisoners were available to participate in cross-sectional, voluntary anonymous HIV surveillance (using saliva samples) with linked self-completion questionnaire at HMP (Her Majesty's Prison) Perth on 17 May and at HMP Comton Vale on 18 May 1995.
Three hundred and four men (70%) and 136 women (94%) completed a risk-factor questionnaire and 304 and 135 samples were received for HIV antibody testing.
Two hundred and eighty-two and 132 questionnaires passed logical checks.
Six saliva samples from Perth (all injectors) out of 304 and none from Cornton Vale out of 134 tested were HIV antibody positive.
Four were presumptively from known HIV-infected male inmates ; the other 2 were local men, under 26 years, who began injecting in 1989-91, and both reported having had a recent HIV test.
Overall HIV prevalence was estimated at 2% compared to a known prevalence of 1.4% (6/434), giving a 1.5 ratio of overall : disclosed HIV prevalence at HMP Perth.
HIV prevalence was estimated at 7% (6/82) for injector-participants and 14% (5/35) for local injector participants.
At Cornton Vale, where both known HIV-infected inmates abstained, overall and disclosed HIV prevalence were equal at 1.4%. At Perth Prison, 29% of prisoners had injected drugs (82/278) ; 85% of injector-inmates reported having injected inside (some) prison and 31% (25/80) had started to inject while inside, 7 during their present sentence. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Mâle, Femelle, Anticorps, Dépistage, Epidémiologie, Surveillance, Facteur risque, Homme, Milieu carcéral, Ecosse, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Male, Female, Antibody, Medical screening, Epidemiology, Surveillance, Risk factor, Human, Carceral environment, Scotland, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0249178
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 11/06/1997.