We compared catheter survival and sepsis rates in a tertiary paediatric gastroenterology centre with those at home in the same patients.
We examined whether there were differences in the safety in the two locations, and estimated the financial and opportunity cost implications of any difference.
We used survival analysis to analyse differences.
Surgical records were audited to determine venous access workload, and to estimate cost implications.
Twenty patients with chronic intestinal failure but stable parenteral nutrition requirements, ranging from 0.04-15.83 years of age were studied.
The duration of line survival and sepsis-free intervals and rates of re-operation for venous access were determined to estimate morbidity and costs.
The study encompassed 28 patient-years in hospital and 48 patient-years at home.
There was a significant reduction in the rate of sepsis at home compared with hospital (Z=4.30, P<0.00001), and a similar improvement in line survival (Z=4.36, P<0.00001).
Line insertions accounted for 21% of minor surgery in our hospital, one third being reinsertions.
We conclude that central venous catheter sepsis rates are greatly improved at home.
If home results could be achieved in the hospital setting, considerable cost savings would be made.
Mots-clés Pascal : Alimentation, Voie parentérale, A domicile, Complication, Septicémie, Infection, Hôpital, Etude comparative, Veine centrale, Cathéter, Coût, Voie intraveineuse, Survie, Pronostic, Enfant, Homme, Réanimation, Appareil digestif pathologie, Economie santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Feeding, Parenteral administration, At home, Complication, Septicemia, Infection, Hospital, Comparative study, Central vein, Catheter, Costs, Intravenous administration, Survival, Prognosis, Child, Human, Resuscitation, Digestive diseases, Health economy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0248839
Code Inist : 002B27B05. Création : 11/06/1997.