The sexual behaviour and factors which affect such behaviour, source of knowledge and education about sex was assessed by means of an anonymous self-administered questionnaire among 2754 pupils (15-18 years) attending 40 (85%) second level schools in Galway City and County.
The purpose of the study was to make recommendations in relation to a school sexual health education programme.
Overall 21% of pupils had had sexual intercourse, with boys more than twice as likely as girls to have experienced this.
The mean age of first sexual intercourse was 15.5 years, 72% reported having used a condom at first intercourse but of 475 pupils who had sexual intercourse regularly only 67% used condoms all the time with 33% using them sometimes or never.
Over half reported that first intercourse was with a'casual'partner and 35% and 9% respectively claimed that alcohol and non-prescribed drugs were a contributory factor.
In relation to sexual risk beliefs, 72% believed that condoms used properly reduced the risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and 78% knew that the contraceptive pill is not protective against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections.
While the level of knowledge regarding sex education was generally high over one-third of sexually active respondents had been involved in high-risk behaviour.
A need for health education programmes which focus on behaviour change and assertiveness has been identified.
Mots-clés Pascal : Irlande, Europe, Adolescent, Homme, Comportement sexuel, Programme éducatif, Education santé, Sexualité, Condom, Facteur risque, Transmission, Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Prévention
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ireland, Europe, Adolescent, Human, Sexual behavior, Educational schedule, Health education, Sexuality, Condom, Risk factor, Transmission, Sexually transmitted disease, Prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0248721
Code Inist : 002A26G05. Création : 11/06/1997.