An analysis of work postures of manual wheelchair users in the office environment.
The goal of this project was to examine the difficulties manual wheelchair users experience in office activities and ascertain whether such problems may be due to poor relationships between the equipment and the users.
Sixty adult manual wheelchair users completed a questionnaire about problems encountered in office activities.
Filing and writing were the most problematic activities for this group.
Phase II of this study consisted of videotaping four subjects performing each activity in their personal office environments, and having them complete a second questionnaire on body-specific locations of discomfort.
Videotaped postures and reports of discomfort were matched to determine the existence of poor equipment-user relationships.
In filing, low back pain may have been due to bending forward to access lower drawers while seated.
For writing, an inappropriate desk-wheelchair relationship that required subjects to bend forward with their arms on a surface that was too high may have caused back, shoulder, and neck discomfort.
Mots-clés Pascal : Handicap physique, Utilisation, Fauteuil roulant, Défaut, Adaptation professionnelle, Mobilier bureau, Exploration clinique, Posture, Travail, Ergonomie conception, Réglementation, Article synthèse, Homme, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Physical handicap, Use, Wheel chair, Defect, Occupational adjustment, Office furniture, Clinical investigation, Posture, Labour, Applied ergonomics, Regulation, Review, Human, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0246714
Code Inist : 002B26N. Création : 11/06/1997.