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  1. Diet and mortality in a cohort of elderly people in a North European Community.

    Article - En anglais

    Background

    In studies from Italy and Greece a Mediterranean dietary pattern predicts overall survival.

    Despite an increase in the movement of food around the world, there is still a wide spectrum of dietary patterns and the aim of the present study was to examine the association between a Mediterranean dietary pattern and mortality in a cohort of elderly people living in a North European Community.

    Methods

    Diet and nutritional status was studied among 202 men and women born 1914-1918 and living in a Danish Municipality (Roskilde) in 1988.

    They were followed for 6 years.

    Results

    A diet score, with seven dietary characteristics of the Mediterranean diet, was associated with a significant reduction in overall mortality.

    A one unit increase in the diet score predicted a 21% (95% confidence interval 2-36%) reduction in mortality.

    Subjects with high diet scores (=4) had significantly higher plasma carotene levels than those with a low score and plasma carotene was negatively associated with mortality.

    Conclusion

    A Mediterranean diet score predicts survival in a North European population.

    Plasma carotene may serve as an intermediate factor in this association.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Régime alimentaire, Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Vieillard, Homme, Danemark, Europe

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diet, Mortality, Epidemiology, Elderly, Human, Denmark, Europe

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0245137

    Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 11/06/1997.