Diet and mortality in a cohort of elderly people in a North European Community.
In studies from Italy and Greece a Mediterranean dietary pattern predicts overall survival.
Despite an increase in the movement of food around the world, there is still a wide spectrum of dietary patterns and the aim of the present study was to examine the association between a Mediterranean dietary pattern and mortality in a cohort of elderly people living in a North European Community.
Diet and nutritional status was studied among 202 men and women born 1914-1918 and living in a Danish Municipality (Roskilde) in 1988.
They were followed for 6 years.
A diet score, with seven dietary characteristics of the Mediterranean diet, was associated with a significant reduction in overall mortality.
A one unit increase in the diet score predicted a 21% (95% confidence interval 2-36%) reduction in mortality.
Subjects with high diet scores (=4) had significantly higher plasma carotene levels than those with a low score and plasma carotene was negatively associated with mortality.
A Mediterranean diet score predicts survival in a North European population.
Plasma carotene may serve as an intermediate factor in this association.
Mots-clés Pascal : Régime alimentaire, Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Vieillard, Homme, Danemark, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diet, Mortality, Epidemiology, Elderly, Human, Denmark, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0245137
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 11/06/1997.