Risk factors for primary lung cancer among non-smoking women in Taiwan.
Although cigarette smoking is considered to be the most important cause of lung cancer, smoking behaviour cannot fully explain the epidemiological characteristics of lung cancer in Taiwanese women, who rarely smoke but contract lung cancer relatively often.
There are other causes of lung cancer that have produced variability in lung cancer incidence.
A case-control study involving interviews with 117 female patients (including 106 non-smoking) suffering from lung cancer and the same number of individually matched hospital controls was conducted in Kaohsiung, Taiwan between 1992 and 1993.
The questionnaire administered to cases and controls collected information on cigarette smoking and suspected risk factors for lung cancer.
Multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to assess smoking for all women and suspected risk factors for non-smoking women.
The relationship between cigarette smoking and lung cancer was statistically significant although only a small proportion (9.4%) of female patients had smoked.
However, the risk of contracting cancer for non-smoking women appears to be associated with certain cooking practices, especially preparing meals in kitchens not equipped with a fume extractor at cooking age of 20-40 years (odds ratio [OR]=8.3 ; 95% confidence interval [Cl] : 3.1-22.7. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Bronchopulmonaire, Non fumeur, Tabagisme passif, Pollution air, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Femme, Homme, Taiwan, Asie, Etude cas témoin, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie, Bronche pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Bronchopulmonary, Non smoker, Passive smoking, Air pollution, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Woman, Human, Taiwan, Asia, Case control study, Respiratory disease, Lung disease, Bronchus disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0245031
Code Inist : 002B11A. Création : 11/06/1997.