Oral contraceptives and back pain in women in a Swedish community.
Female back pain is a clinical problem-especially low back pain with symptoms from the pelvic posterior region-that is often aggravated in connection with pregnancy and childbirth.
Hormones have been suggested as an aetiologic factor.
This study is aimed to determine whether additional hormone preparations, i.e. oral contraceptives (OC), may contribute to the increased frequency of such pain.
A register study was conducted to investigate the use of drugs and health care use in a female population with known OC consumption.
Specifically, we registered the number of primary health care visits for low back pain, comparing OC users with non-OC using age-matched women with otherwise equal circumstances.
OC users recorded a significantly higher incidence of low back symptoms during the study period compared to non-users.
Pregnancy was not found to be a confounding factor.
The intriguing association between OC use and a higher incidence of low back pain, does not enable us to conclude that there is a causal connection, but it should lead to further studies.
Mots-clés Pascal : Contraception, Voie orale, Lombalgie, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Facteur risque, Femme, Homme, Suède, Europe, Douleur, Etude cohorte, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie, Rachialgie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Contraception, Oral administration, Low back pain, Epidemiology, Incidence, Risk factor, Woman, Human, Sweden, Europe, Pain, Cohort study, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease, Rachialgia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0244932
Code Inist : 002B20A01. Création : 11/06/1997.