Systematic reviews of medical evidence : The use of meta-analysis in obstetrics and gynecology.
To review the technique of meta-analysis and its uses and limitations in obstetrics and gynecology.
We reviewed four major joumals in obstetrics and gynecology (American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fertility and Sterility, Journal of Reproductive Medicine, and Obstetrics & Gynecology).
Methods of Study Selection
Joumals were reviewed to determine frequency of meta-analysis as a method of systematic review in obstetrics and gynecology.
We also summarized objectives and scientific guidelines for performing a meta-analysis.
Tabulation, Integration, and Results
Meta-analysis is used with increased frequency in obstetrics and gynecology as a way of systematically reviewing medical evidence.
This technique is an attempt to improve on traditional methods of narrative review by an expert and as a framework for evidence-based medicine and developing practice guidelines.
By combining data from replicate studies, a meta-analysis can increase statistical power, more precisely estimate the typical effect size of treatment or risk factor, and attempt to resolve controversies in the medical literature.
Meta-analysis is a retrospective look at data already collected and is therefore subject to the biases of all retrospective studies. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Métaanalyse, Bibliographie, Technique, Obstétrique, Gynécologie, Document publié
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Metaanalysis, Bibliography, Technique, Obstetrics, Gynecology, Published document
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0242324
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 11/06/1997.