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  1. The vexed question of authorship : views of researchers in a British medical faculty.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To assess knowledge, views, and behaviour of researchers on criteria for authorship and causes and control of gift authorship.

    Design 

    Interview survey of stratified sample of researchers.

    Setting 

    University medical faculty.

    Subjects 

    66 staff (94% response rate) comprising several levels of university academic and research appointments.

    Main outcome measures 

    Awareness and use of criteria for authorship, views on which contributions to research merit authorship, perceptions about gift authorship and strategies for reducing it, and experiences of authorship problems.

    Results 

    50 (76%) respondents supported criteria for authorship, but few knew about or used available criteria.

    Of the five people who could specify all three criteria of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, only one knew that all criteria had to be met Forty one respondents (62%) disagreed with this stipulation.

    A range of practical and academic contributions were seen as sufficient for authorship.

    Gift authorship was perceived as common, promoted by pressure to publish, to motivate research teams, and to maintain working relationships.

    A signed statement justifying authorship and a published statement of the contribution of each author were perceived as practical ways of tackling gift authorship.

    Most researchers had experienced problems with authorship, most commonly the perception that authorship had been deserved but not awarded (49%). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Recherche scientifique, Document publié, Documentation médicale, Auteur, Déontologie, Réglementation, Royaume Uni, Europe

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Scientific research, Published document, Medical documentation, Author, Deontology, Regulation, United Kingdom, Europe

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0241880

    Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 11/06/1997.