Prevalence and incidence of health problems in people with intellectual disability.
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and incidence of the most frequent chronic health problems in relation to age in people with intellectual disabilities living in residential facilities in the Netherlands.
A prospective cohort study was done with four data collections, each with an interval of one year.
Data were collected by means of questionnaires which were completed by each person's physician.
Striking results included the reported high prevalence and incidence of visual and hearing impairment, which was even more pronounced in people with Down's syndrome than in people with intellectual disability resulting from other causes.
Gastrointestinal problems also appeared to have high incidence rates.
Dementia was frequently reported in people with Down's syndrome aged 40 years and older.
The results reflect the need for a more predictive policy which can anticipate health problems in people with intellectual disability.
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévalence, Incidence, Epidémiologie, Arriération mentale, Trouble développement, Déficience intellectuelle, Maladie, Chronique, Association morbide, Pays Bas, Europe, Indice gravité, Trisomie, Aneuploïdie, Aberration chromosomique, Mongolisme, Chromosome G21, Etude comparative, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevalence, Incidence, Epidemiology, Mental retardation, Developmental disorder, Intellectual deficiency, Disease, Chronic, Concomitant disease, Netherlands, Europe, Severity score, Trisomy, Aneuploidy, Chromosomal aberration, Down syndrome, Chromosome G21, Comparative study, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0241248
Code Inist : 002B18C12. Création : 11/06/1997.