Refocusing the lens : Epidemiologic transition theory, mortality differentials, and the AIDS pandemic.
The epidemiologic transition theory presented first by Omran [Omram, A. R. (1971) The epidemiologic transition : a theory of the epidemiology of population change, Mildbank Quarterly 49 (4), 509-538] was designed to explain global trends in the dynamic relationship between epidemiological phenomena and demographic change.
This paper argues that universalizing this theory only partially serves to explain mortality declines over the last century and eclipses key epidemiologic differences between population subgroups based on socioeconomic status, race, and sex.
This paper examines morbidity and mortality differentials between population subgroups and demonstrates important inconsistencies with the optimistic trends implied by the epidemiologic transition theory, an argument further developed using the HIV/AIDS pandemic as a case study.
The paper argues that these differences should be brought from margins to center to present a more complex and comprehensive picture of how population subgroups experience epidemiologic transitions differently.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Evolution démographique, Tendance, Homme, Mortalité, Morbidité, Théorie, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Epidemiology, Demographic evolution, Trend, Human, Mortality, Morbidity, Theory, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0240226
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 11/06/1997.