The large proportion of the population who have only modest or moderate hypercholesterolemia will experience more coronary events than the smaller percentage of people who are at higher risk from more extreme elevations of serum cholesterol.
The high-risk individual strategy for prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD) can result in impressive declines in cholesterol, but the benefits will be concentrated at the upper end of the population distribution.
On the other hand, a population strategy for coronary disease prevention will achieve a much more modest reduction of cholesterol, but these changes will be over the entire distribution and will reduce the risk of the much larger proportion of people with average cholesterol levels who otherwise would likely go untreated.
In light of the fact that epidemiologic studies and long-term clinical trials predict that a 10% reduction in serum cholesterol will result in a 30% reduction in coronary events, the population strategy has the potential for an enormous impact in reducing CHD, which, despite our great success over the past two decades, still remains the number one killer in the United States.
Mots-clés Pascal : Cholestérol, Contrôle, Stratégie, Cardiopathie coronaire, Etude cohorte, Epidémiologie, Prévention, Facteur prédictif, Evaluation, Homme, Etude comparative, Long terme, Métabolisme pathologie, Dyslipémie, Hyperlipoprotéinémie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Education santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cholesterol, Check, Strategy, Coronary heart disease, Cohort study, Epidemiology, Prevention, Predictive factor, Evaluation, Human, Comparative study, Long term, Metabolic diseases, Dyslipemia, Hyperlipoproteinemia, Cardiovascular disease, Health education
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0234060
Code Inist : 002B22A. Création : 11/06/1997.