Understanding the intention of gay and bisexual men to take the HIV antibody test.
This study offers an explanation for the intention of 1,512 gay and bisexual men to be tested for the HIV antibody.
Participants were recruited through 125 gay-identified venues (bars, bathhouses, community dances) across Canada.
Self-administered questionnaires assessed respondents'intention to take the test in the next year, predictor variables (e.g., attitudes, the perceived social norm of the gay community, perceived behavioral control, and other constructs such as reasons for not being tested and importance of aspects of the test such as confidentiality), and sociodemographic variables.
For this analysis, two groups were formed : men who had taken the HIV test in the past with negative or unknown results (Group A) and men who had not taken the test (Group B).
The proportions of men who intended to take the test in the next year were 84.8% and 53.3% for groups A and B, respectively.
For both groups, logistic regression indicated that the most important factors explaining intention were attitudes toward taking the test and perceived behavioral control.
Additional variables specific to each group also contributed to explain intention.
Thus, to enhance test-seeking among this population requires a consistent program of health education and facilitative policies.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Dépistage, Epidémiologie, Intention, Homosexualité, Bisexualité, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Attitude, Comportement, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Medical screening, Epidemiology, Intention, Homosexuality, Bisexuality, Canada, North America, America, Human, Attitude, Behavior, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0232748
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 11/06/1997.