logo BDSP

Base documentaire


Votre avis nous intéresse

Le réseau BDSP met en oeuvre un projet d'innovation et d'amélioration de ses services, dans le souci constant de proposer des contenus de qualité adaptés aux besoins des utilisateurs.

Identifier de nouvelles sources de financements est la condition nécessaire pour assurer la poursuite et la pérennité de cet outil unique qu'est la BDSP, tout en le faisant évoluer.

Pour définir un nouveau modèle économique, nous avons besoin de votre avis : merci de répondre à notre enquête (temps estimé : 5 minutes).

Participer maintenant
Participer plus tard J'ai déjà participé

  1. A pre-intervention survey to determine understanding of HIV and AIDS in farm worker communities in Zimbabwe.

    Article - En anglais

    A cumulative total of 41,298 AIDS cases have been reported in Zimbabwe as of March 1995.

    Of concern is the growing evidence of high levels of seroprevalence among rural farm workers.

    A pre-intervention survey was conducted by interview in one district to examine behavioral factors likely to place farm workers in marginalized rural communities at risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and HIV infection.

    Seven hundred seventy commercial farm workers from 17 randomly selected commercial farms participated in the study.

    We found that farm worker communities, which are characterized by educationally disadvantaged women when compared with men (p<. 001), have had little exposure to AIDS prevention activities.

    Beliefs that AIDS is brought about by divine or ancestral retribution were upheld by less educated women (p<. 001).

    A significant association was found with respect to perceived risk to HIV and low self-efficacy among uneducated women who articulated helplessness and an inability to protect themselves from HIV infection.

    Among more educated men, we found acknowledgment about multipartnering and that changes in behavior are more likely to develop as a result of changes in normative values (P=075).

    Condom use among men, which is probably the most effective barrier against STD infection, was shown to be associated with age (p<. 01) and education (p<. 01).

    The study concludes with recommendations for an appropriate intervention.

    Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Milieu rural, Agriculture, Homme, Sérologie, Prévalence, Zimbabwe, Afrique, Comportement sexuel, Croyance, Environnement social, Niveau étude, Efficacité personnelle, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Prévention, Facteur sociodémographique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Epidemiology, Rural environment, Agriculture, Human, Serology, Prevalence, Zimbabwe, Africa, Sexual behavior, Belief, Social environment, Education level, Self efficacy, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Prevention

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0232428

    Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 11/06/1997.