This study examines the efficacy of medical education methods in improving the knowledge base and clinical skills of participants attending a 2-day miniresidency course in HIV infection.
Instructional methods included :
A didactic lecture format, diagnostic algorithm presentation, color slide photographic demonstration, bedside teaching rounds, and « meet-the-professor » sessions.
Questions to assess the various instructional formats were administered and teaching methods were evaluated.
Fifty-seven Thai physicians, highly exposed to HIV patient care duties, completed both precourse and postcourse tests.
Overall, significant improvement was noted in participant's final global test score.
However, discrepancies existed among the efficacy of instructional methods.
Recognizing physical signs of HIV infection, as taught by slide photographs, revealed a high baseline level of expertise.
Statistically significant postcourse gains were made in physician's diagnostic decision-making ability and basic knowledge of HIV and AIDS taught respectively by the methods of a teaching algorithm and didactic lecture.
Despite the latter, participants performed poorly regarding HIV case management.
This observation may be related to test design and cultural differences but likely underscores the difficulty in imparting clinical HIV management skills to course participants over a short period of time. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Formation permanente, Formation professionnelle, Médecin, Personnel sanitaire, Pédagogie, Méthode, Thaïlande, Asie, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Continuing education, Occupational training, Physician, Health staff, Pedagogy, Method, Thailand, Asia, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0232423
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 11/06/1997.