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  1. Fulltext. Relation of social network characteristics to 5-year mortality among young-old versus old-old white women in an urban community.

    Article - En anglais


    This study examines age-related differences in the association between social network characteristics and mortality for aged white women.

    Subjects include a community-dwelling sample of white women aged =65 years (n=806), who lived in northeast Baltimore, Maryland, in 1984.

    Three characteristics of social networks were measured :

    • availability of network resources ;

    • contact with network resources ;

    • and integration into the neighborhood.

    The association of social network with 5-year mortality was examined with a proportional hazards model adjusting for perceived health status, impairment in physical activities of daily living, number of chronic conditions, and years of education.

    Analyses were stratified by age (65-74 years, =75 years).

    Elements of social network contact and neighborhood integration were associated with reduced mortality among women aged =75 years, but not among women aged 65-74 years.

    In the =75 years group, women who had no contact with children, friends, and group organizations showed hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals (Cl)) of 3.1 (1.2-7.5), 2.2 (1.0-4.9), and 2.8 (1.2-6.5), respectively.

    Women who had lived ¾10 years in the neighborhood and women who had no interaction with local merchants showed hazard ratios of 2.5 (95% Cl 1.3-4.8) and 2.2 (95% Cl 1.2-3.9), respectively.

    Thus, both age and specific aspects of network structure were found to influence the association between social networks and mortality in elderly women.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Vieillard, Homme, Femelle, Support social, Réseau social, Maryland, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Age, Milieu urbain

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Elderly, Human, Female, Social support, Social network, Maryland, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Age, Urban environment

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0232129

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 11/06/1997.