During the 30 year period from 1965-1995, signif icant advances have been made in the prevention, diagnosis, and management of surgical infections.
To a great degree these advances have been provided by surgeons who developed a primary interest in this area.
The Surgical Infection Society (SIS) was established in 1980 for surgeons and other physicians and scientists in order to better coordinate efforts in education and research concerning the infected surgical patient.
The most significant of these advances were initially the accurate microbiologic definition of the human endogenous microflora in health and disease.
Improvements in the techniques utilized to isolate and identify anaerobic microorganisms were of paramount importance.
These lead to improvements in the choice of antibiotic agents for prophylaxis and treatment which resulted in improved clinical results.
Most recently, emphasis has been placed on the perioperative identification of the high-risk patient who is more likely to develop infection in the postoperative period.
By separating high-risk from low-risk patients in each operative procedure, rather than assuming their risk based on the traditional classification of surgical procedure, a more rationale plan of prospective alterations of treatment can be offered.
Mots-clés Pascal : Chirurgie, Complication, Postopératoire, Infection, Anaérobiose, Prévention, Chimiothérapie, Antibactérien, Evolution, Résultat, Homme, Abdomen pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Surgery, Complication, Postoperative, Infection, Anaerobiosis, Prevention, Chemotherapy, Antibacterial agent, Evolution, Result, Human, Abdominal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0229858
Code Inist : 002B05A01. Création : 11/06/1997.