Background A European feasibility study on environmental exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) and cancer was conducted.
The study was motivated by public health concern about possible adverse health effects associated with ELF-EMF exposure.
Methods A review of completed research in Europe was conducted.
Information on the methods and accessibility of new epidemiologic studies were requested and reviewed.
Results Eight studies on environmental ELF-EMF exposure have been completed in Europe while 15 large studies are in progress.
Although there is no known mechanism by which electric or magnetic fields of this frequency could play a role in the development of cancer or other adverse health effects, the results of the studies conducted so far provide some support for the hypothesis that they are associated with the incidence of childhood leukemia.
Conclusions and recommendations The best use of available data will be made through a pooled re-analysis of data, particularly those on childhood tumors.
It is recommended to apply multiple methods for exposure assessment in view of the heterogeneity in the methods used in different studies.
New multicenter case-referent studies should not be initiated until the results of the large on-going studies have been reported. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Champ électromagnétique, Champ basse fréquence, Toxicité, Leucémie, Europe, Tumeur maligne, Enfant, Homme, Epidémiologie, Faisabilité, Rétrospective, Prospective, Etude cohorte, Hémopathie maligne
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Electromagnetic field, Low frequency field, Toxicity, Leukemia, Europe, Malignant tumor, Child, Human, Epidemiology, Feasibility, Retrospective, Prospective, Cohort study, Malignant hemopathy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0228231
Code Inist : 002A08E. Création : 11/06/1997.