In a prospective study of 560 children treated for burns as in-patients over a period of four-and-a-half years in specialized hospitals responsible for the majority of burn cases in Kuwait, 388 patients (69%) had sustained scalds.
The mean age of these 388 children, between 0 to 12 years, was 3.02 ± 2.08, and male to female ratio 1.5 to 1. They were categorized into three age groups, first, up to 1 year comprised 17.5% cases, who were solely dependent on parents or childminder ; second, 2 to 5 years of age, who were inquisitive, independent, pre-school children, and constituted the majority of cases (73%), and third 6 to 12 years who were 9.5% school children.
The pre-school children (2-5 years) thus formed a highly vulnerable group in the country.
Accidents (99.4%) occurred at home and the kitchen being the commonest place.
The hot water from pan and pots in the kitchen was the most common etiologic factor in 229 cases (59%), followed by tea/coffee 20.7%, soup 9.0%, hot oil 6.7%, and milk 4.6% patients.
The most common circumstance was the child upsetting the pan of hot fluid in the kitchen.
The mean total body surface areas of second and third degree burns were 14.21 ± 9.66 (range 1 to 60%). The average length of stay in the hospital was 16.90 ± 15.74 days, varying from one to 109 days.
Thirty-nine children were ill prior to burn, and the commonest disease was respiratory tract infection.
Three patients (0.
Mots-clés Pascal : Brûlure, Incidence, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Traitement, Enfant, Homme, Koweit, Asie, Soin intensif
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Burn, Incidence, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Treatment, Child, Human, Kuwait, Asia, Intensive care
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0226757
Code Inist : 002B27B09. Création : 11/06/1997.