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  1. Gender differences in a kidney transplant population.

    Article - En anglais

    The purpose of this study was to compare female and male kidney transplant recipients.

    Of 1095 consecutive kidney transplants, 63.7% were to male recipients.

    Detailed demographic background data and follow-up data were used in the analysis.

    Female and male recipients were the same age, median 44, range 1-71 years.

    The male/female ratio was increased in all adult age groups, and most pronounced in the middle-aged.

    The proportions of first transplants and of preemptive transplants were not different, and 22.0% of men compared with 24.4% of women had living donors.

    Biopsy-verified chronic glomerulonephritis was found 2.4 times more often in men than in women, unknown diagnosis including non-biopsy-verified chronic glomerulonephritis 2.3 times, and adult dominant polycystic kidney disease 1.8 times.

    A larger proportion of men than women received antirejection treatment, 59.5% vs 49.5% (P=0.002).

    Cumulative survival of patients or grafts was not different, but women = 50 years of age tended to have poorer 1-year graft survival than men, 69% vs 78% (P=0.06).

    It is concluded that the increased proportion of men in our transplant programme is mainly due to their higher requirement of renal replacement therapy.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Transplantation, Rein, Incidence, Sex ratio, Traitement associé, Chimiothérapie, Immunodépresseur, Relation, Survie, Etude statistique, Homme, Chirurgie, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Rein pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Transplantation, Kidney, Incidence, Sex ratio, Combined treatment, Chemotherapy, Immunosuppressive agent, Relation, Survival, Statistical study, Human, Surgery, Urinary system disease, Kidney disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0217145

    Code Inist : 002B25H. Création : 21/05/1997.