The purpose of this study was to compare female and male kidney transplant recipients.
Of 1095 consecutive kidney transplants, 63.7% were to male recipients.
Detailed demographic background data and follow-up data were used in the analysis.
Female and male recipients were the same age, median 44, range 1-71 years.
The male/female ratio was increased in all adult age groups, and most pronounced in the middle-aged.
The proportions of first transplants and of preemptive transplants were not different, and 22.0% of men compared with 24.4% of women had living donors.
Biopsy-verified chronic glomerulonephritis was found 2.4 times more often in men than in women, unknown diagnosis including non-biopsy-verified chronic glomerulonephritis 2.3 times, and adult dominant polycystic kidney disease 1.8 times.
A larger proportion of men than women received antirejection treatment, 59.5% vs 49.5% (P=0.002).
Cumulative survival of patients or grafts was not different, but women = 50 years of age tended to have poorer 1-year graft survival than men, 69% vs 78% (P=0.06).
It is concluded that the increased proportion of men in our transplant programme is mainly due to their higher requirement of renal replacement therapy.
Mots-clés Pascal : Transplantation, Rein, Incidence, Sex ratio, Traitement associé, Chimiothérapie, Immunodépresseur, Relation, Survie, Etude statistique, Homme, Chirurgie, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Rein pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Transplantation, Kidney, Incidence, Sex ratio, Combined treatment, Chemotherapy, Immunosuppressive agent, Relation, Survival, Statistical study, Human, Surgery, Urinary system disease, Kidney disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0217145
Code Inist : 002B25H. Création : 21/05/1997.