Previous studies have assessed the attitudes of parents and children toward bicycle helmet ownership and use in various settings, but they have not addressed the role of parental rules in promoting bicycle helmet use by children.
To further explore the attitudes of parents and children at pediatric practices toward bicycle helmet ownership and use by children and to assess the role of parental rules in promoting bicycle helmet use by children.
One hundred sixty-nine 5-to 14-year-old children who owned bicycles and their parents were surveyed during well-child visits at 5 general pediatric practices in the Chicago, Ill, area.
One hundred twenty-nine families were represented.
Of the children, 60% were aged 5 to 9 years, and 50% were girls.
Forty-eight children (28%) reported helmet ownership.
Of the helmet owners, 21 (45%) reported helmet use ; thus, the overall percentage of helmet use was 12%. Helmet ownership by children was significantly (P<. 05) related to parental characteristics : educational level, race, perceived effectiveness of bicycle helmets, seat belt use, and parental helmet ownership.
The most common reasons parents gave for lack of helmet ownership by children were « never thought about purchasing » a helmet (35%), « never got around to purchasing » a helmet (29%), « child wouldn't wear it anyway » (26%), and the bicycle helmet was « too expensive » (16%). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Enfant, Homme, Cyclisme, Casque protection, Attitude, Parent
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Child, Human, Cyclism, Crash helmet, Attitude, Parent
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0213688
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 21/05/1997.