To test the hypothesis that ego development would predict contraceptive use.
Problems in ego development were defined in terms of three factors : (1) realism, (2) complexity, and (3) discontinuity.
Forty-one respondents aged 14-17 years were selected from a group of 233 adolescents who were administered a projective pregnancy scenario and participated in a 12-month follow-up.
Twenty of these adolescents were randomly selected from the group determined to be effective contraceptive users, while 21 were randomly selected from the group of poor contraceptors.
Chi-square test revealed a significant association (p<. 0005) between the composite ego maturity (EM) measure and contraceptive outcome (X2=13.82, with df-1).
Low scores on the ego maturity measure predicted poor contraceptive use.
EM was unrelated to age but was associated with race (X2=7.535,025
However, EM predicted contraceptive use when controlling for the effects of race.
A simple, time-efficient projective pregnancy scenario is an effective way of determining adolescent females at risk for poor contraceptive effectiveness and, therefore, untimely pregnancy.
These stories are analyzed using factors related to the ego development of the adolescent.
Subjects who scored lower on this measure have poor contraceptive effectiveness while subjects with higher levels demonstrated effective contraception use, at 1-year follow-up.
Mots-clés Pascal : Utilisation, Contraceptif, Prédiction, Adolescent, Homme, Femelle, Développement moi, Personnalité, Contraception, Comportement, Santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Use, Contraceptive, Prediction, Adolescent, Human, Female, Ego development, Personality, Contraception, Behavior, Health
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0213526
Code Inist : 002A26N03A. Création : 21/05/1997.