To determine :
(1) the frequency of risky behaviors (alcohol and other drug use, smoking cigarettes, smokeless tobacco use, and unprotected intercourse) ;
(2) the perception of general risks and diabetes-related risks from risky behaviors ;
(3) if perception of risk is related to engaging in risky behaviors ;
and (4) if perception of general risks and diabetes-related risks are influenced by age, gender, or race in adolescents with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM).
Decreasing risky behaviors in youth with IDDM is important because of their increased vulnerability to specific disease related physiologic and pathologic changes.
A descriptive, cross-sectional design was used.
Data on risky behavior and perception of risk were obtained by self-report during a regularly scheduled clinic visit.
One hundred and fifty-five adolescents between ages of 10-20 years participated.
Correlational and student's t-test analyses were used to test relationships and group differences (age, race, gender).
Thirty-nine percent of the sample reported alcohol use, 34% reported smoking cigarettes, 8% reported smokeless tobacco use, 10% reported drug use, and 29% reported unprotected intercourse.
Perception of risk to peers from these behaviors was significantly higher (t=8.1, df 153 ; p<. 001) than risk to self.
Females reported significantly lower (t=3.08, df 52 ; p<. 002) risk to self than males. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Diabète insulinodépendant, Comportement, Santé, Prise risque, Consommation, Tabac, Boisson alcoolisée, Substance toxicomanogène, Relation sexuelle, Attitude, Adolescent, Homme, Endocrinopathie, Immunopathologie, Maladie autoimmune
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Insulin dependent diabetes, Behavior, Health, Risk taking, Consumption, Tobacco, Alcoholic beverage, Drug of abuse, Sexual intercourse, Attitude, Adolescent, Human, Endocrinopathy, Immunopathology, Autoimmune disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0213393
Code Inist : 002A26N03A. Création : 21/05/1997.